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Sunday, December 10, 2017

LCHF - M E A L P L A N S -


KETOGENIC LIFESTYLE

Low Carb / High Fat / Moderate Protein / Lifestyle #LCHF
- MEAL PLANS -     

      -     K E T O G E N I C   D I E T   M E A L   P L A N S     F O R   L O S I N G   W I G H T   -    


(you can skip THE INTRO and go straight to the meal plan and some basic stuff )


No matter the diet type or lifestyle, any human in order to lose weight, has to burn fat for fuel (body fat stores), a state thais called ketosis (optimal blood ketones 0.7-3.0 ). "A state at which the body has an extremely high fat-burning rate. Even the brain runs on fat, via ketone bodies. These are energy molecules in the blood (like blood sugar) which become fuel for our brains after being converted from fat by the liver."

The easiest way to get into ketosis is obviously a ketogenic diet, which is high-fat, moderate-protein, and very-low-carb (under 20 grams net / day is a strict low carb). This will cause the body to use fat instead of glucose / carbs for energy, and that will produce ketones. Only when the carbs and protein are used up, we burn fat. We can not burn both glucose and fat in the same time. Is one or the other.  

We can not lose our stored fat until we get into ketosis, so that is why ketogenic diet or low carb diets are straight forward the easiest, most natural and fastest way if you want to be healthy while getting fit and lose weigh

The low carb, high fat, medium protein, ketogenic lifestyle is adapting your body to go back to the beginning, were like a new born baby, you were using ketones, fat for fuel, fat as an energy source, in a dietary ketogenic state. 




On the other hand, on a diet that promotes eating a lot of carbohydrates (especially high in fructose fruits and not the healthy leafy green veggies), the body will be using glucose for fuel and when carbohydrates are present in our food, insulin is released and when insulin is released our body stops burning our fat stores (fat storage mode). Insulin causes Fat Storage (stimulates the creation of body fat), it Inhibits The Fat Burning Process (stops the breakdown of fat cells) and  for active people it can stimulate muscle growth.  W
Again, when Insulin is released, our body stops burning our fat stores. That is why low glycemic foods, typical for a very low carb diet, ketogenic lifestyle, are so good for burning fat and reverse insulin resistance. 




That is why low glycemic foods, a low carb lifestyle is so good for burning fat and losing weight while staying healthy and fit. On a side note, there are a few high insulin index foods that are still good for loosing weight like whey protein or lean beef because they also trigger one of the 6 fat burning hormones, glucagon. Knowing the insulin index of a food is very important when trying to lose weight so you can use it for your advantage.  

Insulin is a hormone, a substance produces by our body and released into the blood by the pancreas (see glycemic index vs insulin index). When eating to much carbohydrates (over 20-50 grams of net carbs a day), the body will be using glucose for fuel with creates the typical carbohydrate ups (sugar rush) and downs (sugar crush = cravings/hunger), resulting in binging or a habit of overeating for most people, people that lack the motivation or will to starve themselves for decades in order to stay slim or fit. Usually celebrities use to do that before the low carb diets were known (and some still do).  Nigella Lawson (low carb / high fat diet advocate) said  'I realized that what I'd always taken to be either hunger or "neurotic grazing compulsion" is carbohydrate craving, "Devil food""

Eating low carb is key for low insulin levels, and also because fat does not raise insulin, eating fat when on a low carb diet will not only keep us from being hungry for longer, make us feel good (the brain functions in particular will thrive on good fats), but by keeping the insulin levels low, will help us from becoming insulin resistant or reverse that to a sensitive state and make us lose weight.  


A high insulin level tends to lower HDL (“good”) cholesterol and raise levels of LDL (“bad”) cholesterol. is a sign of insulin resistance or prediabetes and signify early-stage Type 2 diabetes and now all these are common even in kids or slim looking people. The increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, high glucose, appears are related to Insulin Resistance and The Metabolic Syndrome.  

Several studies suggest that carbohydrate restriction has more favorable effects on the metabolic syndrome than a low-fat diet (3233343536). Low-carbohydrate diets tend to lead to more weight loss, less insulin resistance, lower triglyceride levels, and higher levels of HDL-cholesterol.  

BASIC RULES when LOOSING WEIGHT:

- THE MACRO NUTRIENTS PERCENTAGE :
- The sours of the calories per day should be divided between the 3 MACRO NUTRIENTS like shown below but this is not how the plate is divided obviously. because fats have more calories in a smaller quantity. You'll need an app and a small scale at first until you get use to this. My Fitness Pal is a good, easy to use app, and it measures for you the percentage for each macro when you add the foods and quantities you've been eating or plan on eating.
 That way you know what macro nutrient is need to achieve this low carb diet plan :


- 25% PROTEIN - 70% FATS - 5% CARBS 
/ 20g net carbs / day = the total of carbohydrates (see nutritional values list- google it) minus the fiber or sugar alcohols / poliolis. The carbs that are not digested (again google "keto net carbs" for details).

- FAT  ~ 40 - 50g / meal or 70-90 g / DAY 
-PROTEIN ~ 40-70g/meal or 100-200g/ DAY
- CARBOHYDRATES - less then  20g NET CARBS / DAY for weight lose  (see ingredients on any food label for hidden carbs and calculate the net carbs in advance with an app like this :


My Fitness Pal or My Net Diary 


This example below, is a day when I went too far with the fats (cose I love it I usually am), and the total calories was about 1600 (a bit high for weight lose for a not active women). I still lost some very little weight because the carbs were only about 9 net grams and I did not snack in between meals (at leas 4 hours between) also 3-4 hours before the bed time no more food (so the insulin had time to go down and I got into the fat burning mode, too bad I had too much dietary fat to burn first). I consumed not enough protein also, which in time can lead to hair loss and its not good for (building or keeping the) muscle mass.





2-3 meals a day ONLY, no snacks, skip breakfast if you can or gradually


- preferably wait more then 4 hours between meals

- do not eat 2-4 hours before going to bed  (very important)



- drink daily lemon water (no sugar !) from 1-2 lemons

- use plenty of salt (sea salt) on your food - electrolytes 


- do not drink water in excess, drink just when you are thirsty (1-2 glasses will be fine)



- bone broth soup 3-5 times a week at first and once a week after 


- do not exceed a moderate calorie deficit ~1300-1500 calories/ day - slows the meabolism. Just be in a deficit and its fine for long term.


Intermittent Fasting is good for weight lose : more then 12 hours or more (15 is ideal) between the last meal and the first of the next day, but if this seems hard at first concentrate at the task of becoming low carb adapted then try to implement the IF gradually. 


- Fruits (fructose) stops the fat burning and starts the storing fat process (like a bear preparing for the winter). Not even the wild berries which are somewhat low carb friendly, still they are not recommended for weight lose in general and if consumed they should only be in very little amounts and occasionally.


- Funny experiment done by a funny & cool keto couple : Mouth Taping :)


BEFORE SHOPPING - notes :

- SEE THE NUTRITIONAL VALUES and INGREDIENTS LIST :

See the nutritional values (google it) for every raw unprocessed food you plan to eat and for the processed foods also the ingredients list and avoid foods that contain :  

- added sugar (sucrose not the naturally occurring sugars), 
- hidden sugars (see a list of sugar names) like high fructose corn syrup #HFCS, 
- sodium mono glutamate
- starches
- trans fats/margarine 

and limit to a minimum or avoid the intake of foods that contain soy beans, hidden carbohydrates like "some so called" fibers with in fact are just carbs


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There are healthy natural sugar substitutes that have a low glycemic index and are ok for a low carb diet and diabetes patients like : 

- Stevia extracts (but usually it has an after taste. The "Rebaudioside A" extract is the sweetest and has the least aftertaste but is expensive to use only that part of the plant), 

- monk fruit sweeteners (see what is combined with, also usually its expensive) 
- poliols = sugar alcohols like :

- erythritol (excellent 1. because its not absorbed by our body (5 grams net carbs per 100g or so, 2. has no impact on the glycimic index by its self and 3. promotes tooth heath,

- xylitol (also promotes tooth heath but has more carbs that do absorb, has glycimic impact)
- sorbitol, maltitol (not the maltitol syrup which has a high glycimic idex) are usually found in sugar free sweets / chocolate. 

Here is one of the best websites about sugar and sweeteners.


Be careful at the ingredients of this sweeteners, because sometimes they are mixed with bad artificial stuff or even sugars under different names.  


M E A L   P L A N S 


B r e a k f a s t :

LEMON WATER & Supplements like Magnesium & Potassium, Kale, cruciferous vegetables

CAFE LATTE or HOT  CHOCOLATE :
- double expresso - coffee medium roast  
or 2-3 tsp (tea spoon) unsweetened cocoa powder
- 80-100ml heavy cream ~35% fat /unsweetened
- 50-100ml coconut milk (the 90% coconut or a total of 150-200 ml heavy cream)or water
- 1 tsp (tea spoon) coconut oil* (optional in the first week)
- 1 TBSP (table spoon) butter* (grass fed 82% fat) - optional first days or add gradually more
- a pinch of cinnamon - optional
- 1 tsp of a low glycemic natural sweetener like Erythritol - not recommended but ok at first

*Increase the fat (coconut oil, butter) amounts gradually into the diet plan. At first start a little then go a bit more the next time until you become fat adapted

OMELETTE & BACON : 
- 20 - 30g butter 80% fat 
- 20 - 30 g coconut oil (no flavor type) or 40-50 g butter in total and no coconut oil
- 4 - 6 eggs (medium-large) - 3-4 eggs for girls and 5-6 eggs for man
- plenty of salt (very important on a low carb diet) & peeper
- 50 -70 ml heavy cream ~35% fat /unsweetened 
- 30-50 g cheddar cheese or other maturated cheese (full fat) in the omelette or on the side
- 70-100g bacon on the side

SALAD :


- 2-3 tomato cherry, 1 cucumber 
- or 2-3 cups of lettuce (iceberg, Chinese l or Roman l.) & olive oil /salt & pepper
- or pickles (cucumber and / or cabbage) 



L u n c h 


STAKE / MEAT :

- Ground beef or beef/pork stake or chicken legs /wings cooked in 30 g butter + 30 g of coconut oil unflavored 
- also add 20 -30 g of butter on the plate*

*Increase the fat amounts gradually into the diet plan. At first start with 10 g and go up next time until you become fat adapted

SAUTEED GREEN LEAFY VEGETABLES or SALAD :

- 3-5 cups green leafy vegetables : 1 or 2 of these : kale, asparagus spinach, broccoli, green peas, cabbage,sauteed in plenty of healthy fats :
- 30-50 g of butter & coconut oil 


or 2-3 cups of lettuce (iceberg, Chinese l or Roman l.) & olive oil /salt & pepper
or pickles (cucumber and / or cabbage) 



D i n n e r : 

** Eat at night, only if you are hungry or if you did not finished your previous meals and, if you did not achieved the no. of calories required for the day. If you are on a big calorie deficit for an extended period of time, your metabolism will slow down (you will no longer lose weight), so do not exceed the recommended deficit for a healthy weight loss. Google to find the ideal wight, then use an app (My Fitness Pal) to set the calories (choose slow weight lose) and on top of that no ad at leas 200-300 calories for a LCHF ketogenic diet, because is the only diet that is know to be like that and successfully lose weigh).
In the case you are not hungry but still need to add some more calories always go for a fat bomb or a fatty protein meal.

*** Do not eat fats more then before starting this diet/lifestyle if for some reason on a day you exceed the carbohydrate intake above the recommended amount for a low carb diet (20-50 g depending if you want lose weight or to gain muscle).  

STAKE / MEAT :

Steak with sauteed white mushrooms 
- both cooked separately in 20-40 g butter  + 20-30 g of coconut oil unflavored 
- also add 20 -30 g of butter on the plate*

*Increase the fat amounts gradually into the diet plan. At first start with 10 g and go up next time until you become fat adapted


This is a basic day, but you can see that the food you’re going to eat doesn’t seem like that of a different diet you may have tried. You get to actually eat and enjoy what you’re eating the entire time.




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L u n c h  / D i n n e r   i d e a s :


1. DECAFFEINATED LATTE or HOT  CHOCOLATE
- half of the recipe above  + hot water( or almond milk unsweetened ) using decaffeinated coffee or less cacao powder




2. CHICKEN in CHEDDAR CHEESE / BUTTER SAUCE with MUSHROOMS and PEPERD or PEPERS  filed with CHICKEN and CHEDAR CHEESE BUTTER SAUCE and MUSHROOMS







3. CHEESE PLATE + PICKLES :

- cheese plates of different maturated cheese like Cheddar, Gouda, Camembert, Parmigiana..
- pickles - optional

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4. BONE BROTH SOUP with PEPPERS + heavy cream, butter and lots of green leafs like dill, celery leaves ... 

INGREDIENTS :
- 2-3 Kg of beef bones, about 1 kg of chicken legs with bones, 0.5 kg of beef (but you can use all the meats you like + bones (beef, chicken legs, pork,...)
- vegetables whole not chopped (yet ): 2 onions, 5-8 carrots , 3-5 parsley root,  1/4th of one celery root, 1 parsley 
- salt 1 table spoon for every 5 L of whater, peppercayenne pepper or hot paprica,
- fresh or refrigareted dill, celery leaves, parsley, more papper or salt if you like
- heavy cream 50-100 ml/ bowl of soup  + (optional) egg yolk
- butter 10-50 mg/ bowl of soup 
- (optional) Chopped green / red peppers - 2-3 and one hot green pepper 

DIRECTIONS :

-Put all the meat, the vegetables (carrots, parsley..) and the seasoning (salt, pepper...)  in a big pot (8-10 L depending on how much meat you use) and bring to boil. 
-When the meat is done, take a new pot, a smaller one (6-8 L) and transfer the meat into the new pot. If it's needed make smaller pieces
- Chopp all the vegetables (except the onions and parsley) and then transfer them into the new pot 
- Add the fresh seasoning (or refrigareted) : dill, other green leafs like celery leaves, parsley, lovage... 
- (Optional) you can add more salt and papper
- (Optional)  Add the chopp the green /red peppers to the soup
- Add heavy cream and butter (you can add heavy cream and butter only when searving, this way you can keep the soup in the fridge for longer). Also if adding the heavy cream only when searving you can add to the heavy cream one egg yolk for 2-3 bowls of soup.

Enjoy !


5. Different Green  VEGETABLES and other good choices :
















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FIND OUT here your ideal weight and your ideal MACROS if you need to lose weight or build musle :     https://ketodietapp.com/Blog/page/KetoDiet-Buddy